Relevant Documents

The third Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey (EICV 3) - Main indicators Report

The 2010/11 Integrated Household Living Conditions Survey or EICV3 (Enquête Intégrale sur les Conditions de Vie des Ménages) is the third in the series of surveys which started in 2000/01 and is designed to monitor poverty and living conditions. The survey methodology has changed little over its 10 years, making it ideal for monitoring changes in the country. In 2010/11, for the first time the achieved sample size of 14,308 households in the EICV3 was sufficient to provide estimates which are reliable at the level of the district
Click here to download  the full EICV3 report.
 
 
Policies, Laws and Orders
 
National Land Policy 
For the first time in Rwanda’s history there is a national policy on land. The objective of the Policy is to establish a land tenure system that guarantees tenure security for all Rwandans and guides land reform initiatives that will establish good management and the rational use of land. It is a document equally relevant to all Rwandans - to those with land and those without.
Click here to download the National Land Policy. 

Law N° 17/2010 of 12/05/2010 Establishing and Organising the Real Property Valuation Profession in Rwanda
This Law establishes and organises the real property valuation profession in Rwanda.
Click here to download the Law. 

Law N° 15/2010 of 07/05/2010 Creating and Organizing Condominiums and Setting up Procedures for their Registration 
This Law creates and organises condominiums and sets up procedures for their registration.
Click here to download the Condominiums Law. 

Ministerial Order N° 001/16.00 of 23/11/2009 Determining the Reference Land Prices in the City of Kigali 
This Order determines the reference land prices to be used in the City of Kigal.
Click here to download the whole information related to this ministerial order document. 

Presidential Order N° 59/01 of 15/09/2009 Establishing the List of Fees Charged by Districts and Determining their Limits
This Order modifies and complements the Presidential Order N° 02/01 of 31/03/2008 establishing the list of fees charged by Districts and determines their limits.
Click here to download the whole information related to this presidential order document.

Ministerial Order N° 001/16.01 of 16/03/2009 Modifying Rates for Renting and Selling State Owned Land
This Order modifies and complements the Ministerial Order N° 01/16/00 of 19/09/2001 determining the rate of administrative fees to be paid in land matters.
Click here to download the whole information related to this ministerial order document.

Ministerial Order N° 001/2008 of 01/04/2008 Determining the Requirements and Procedures for Land Lease 
This Order determines the requirements and procedures to be followed for leases of land.
Click here to download the whole information related to this ministerial order document. 

Ministerial Order N° 002/2008 of 01/4/2008 Determining Modalities of Land Registration
This Order defines the modalities for land registration, including the establishment of a Register of Land Titles, procedures for the registration of titles to land and other interests in land, transfers of title to land and other transactions related to land, and related matters.
Click here to download the whole information related to this ministerial order document. 

Law N° 18/2007 of 19/04/2007 Relating to Expropriation in the public interest 
This law determines the procedures relating to expropriation in the public interest.
Click here to download the Expropriation Law. 

Presidential Order N° 53/01 of 12/10/2006 Determining the Structure, the Powers and the Functioning of the Office of the Registrar of Land Titles 
This order determines the structure, the powers and the functioning of the office of the registrar of land titles.
Click here to download the whole information related to this presidential order document. 

Presidential Order N° 54/01 of 12/10/2006 Determining the Structure, the Responsibilities, the Functioning and the Composition of Land Commissions 
This Order determines the structure, the responsibilities, the functioning and the composition of land commissions at the National, Kigali City, and District levels.
Click here to download the whole information related to this presidential order document. 

Ministerial Order N° 001/2006 of 26/09/2006 Determining the Structure of Land Registers, the Responsibilities and the Functioning of the District Land Bureau 
This Order determines the structure of land registers, the responsibilities and the functioning of land bureau in each district.
Click here to download the whole information related to this ministerial order document. 

14/07/2005 Organic Land Law N° 08/2005 Determining the Use and Management of Land in Rwanda (O.G. N° 18 of 15/09/2005)
Gazetted in September 2005, the Organic Law determining the use and management of land in Rwanda, sets the framework for a workable National Land Policy. The Law sets out the role of the State, the rights and duties of land owners, the categories of land and the institutions for land management.
Click here to download the Organic Land Law. 

12/11/1999 Law N° 22/99 to Supplement Book I of the Civil Code and to Institute Part Five Regarding Matrimonial Regimes, Liberalities and Successions 
The matrimonial regime is a body of rules to be fixed by this law governing the agreement between spouses on the management of their property.
Click here to download the Law.



Background Information

Land Acquisition and Registration in Rwanda
This presentation of the Rwanda Natural Resources Authority (RNRA) explains the procedures and benefits of land acquisition and registration as well as the different ways of registration and the requirements for application.
Click here to download the presentation. 

Land Registration in Rwanda
This text of the Rwanda Natural Resources Authority (RNRA) on land registration in Rwanda summarizes all the services the the Office of the Registrar of Land Titles can provide: From the proforma invoice for the land title over the contract of emphyteutic lease to the certificate of registration of the contract of emphyteutic lease up to the issuing of the full ownership title.
Click here to download the document.  


International Guidelines 

Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa
In 2006, the AUC, the UNECA and the AfDB initiated a process for the development of a framework and guidelines for land policy and land reform in Africa with a view to strengthening land rights, enhancing productivity and securing livelihoods for the majority of the continent’s population. The final outcome of the initiative was then presented before the formal decision-making processes of the AU for approval and adoption by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government in July 2009. This unique document, in which AU member states made clear commitments on highest political level, gives guidance on land policies for the whole of Africa for the first time. 
Click here to download the Framework and Guidelines on Land Policy in Africa.

Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests 
The objective of the Voluntary Guidelines is to provide practical guidance to States in their implementation of the progressive realization of the right to adequate food in the context of national food security, in order to achieve the goals of the World Food Summit Plan of Action. They provide an additional instrument to combat hunger and poverty and to accelerate attainment of the Millennium Development Goals. The Voluntary Guidelines represent the first attempt by governments to interpret an economic, social and cultural right and to recommend actions to be undertaken for its realization. Moreover, they represent a step towards integrating human rights into the work of agencies dealing with food and agriculture.  
Click here to download the draft Voluntary Guidelines.

Guidelines on Business, Land Acquisition, and Land Use: A Human Rights Approach (Draft)
Most businesses need land, but in the conflicting demands over land, and alternative uses, conflict emerges between businesses and communities, which can often lead to human rights abuses. The Institute for Human Rights and Business has ftherefore ollowed the dynamic of land and human rights and organised stakeholder consultations in India (2009), South Africa (2010), Colombia (2010), and Kenya (2011) and prepared guidance for land access, acquisition, and use, which is currently undergoing consultation. Over a hundred experts from business, civil society, and international organizations have participated in these convenings.
Click here to download the draft Guidelines on Business, Land Acquisition, and Land Use.